A 25 years old organization,The Transparency International,revealed Corruption Perspective Index 2018 (CPI 2018) for 180 countries of the world on Tuesday.The organization was created by Peter Eigen and several dozen global dignitaries decided to take a stance against corruption at a conference in Berlin in 1993.Now it is 25 years long .The organization has been going ahead one global movement sharing one vision with a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption since then.
The index, which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and businesspeople, uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43.The world first was Denmark with a score of 88 and the last country was Somalia,a sub-Saharan Africa country,with a score of 10.Generally,the poorer the country,the lower the rank is.China is ranked 87th with a score of 39 and the United States ranked 22nd with a score of 71.
On the index,Myanmar’s score was 29,and 132nd of world rank ,that was the same with Laos. Myanmar’ score went down one point from the previous year.In 2012,before NLD government, Myanmar’s score was 15.Today after 6 years,it raises to 29 and score change is 14.So we can say Myanmar’s corruption level is positive though its level is still under the world’s average score of 43.
In ASEAN, Singapore was number one and the third of world’s CPI rank with a score of 85. Brunei Darussalam was ranked 31st with a score of 63 and the second of ASEAN.Malaysia was the third and 61st of the world with a score of 47. Malaysia, whose score remains unchanged at 47 points. And Indonesia was ranked 89th out of 180 with a score of 38.Philipines and Thailand were the same ranks of 99th with a score of 36 each on the index.Timor-Leste’s score was 35,which was 105th of the world while Vietnam’s was 117th with a score of 33. According to the index, Cambodia is a highly corrupt country in the region with the score point 20.It was ranked 161st out of 180 countries.
Indonesia’s score went down by one point to 38, while the Philippines’ score went up by two points to 36 points. Vietnam’s score went down by two points to 33, while both Myanmar and Cambodia lost one.Thailand scored 36 points, a drop of one point from the previous year.
According to Bangkok Post, Thailand Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha admitted Thursday that the government’s “perceived undemocratic status” had a bearing on Thailand’s latest fall in an annual global corruption index.
“That’s how they perceived the government,” Gen Prayut said. “But the result must be accepted.”
Anyhow,most countries of Latin America,Asia and African countries need to move up their ranks on the index because the index points out the identity of a country .What is the political system of the country? Who are the leaders of the country?The truth is that most of the poorest countries of the world are highly corrupt and most of the richest countries are very clean.So Myanmar also need to move up it’s identity step by step and year by year.The first target should be to reach the average point of over 40 scores.
Ref:CPI 2018/Bangkok Post